If your old furnace has to be replaced soon, consider the benefits of switching to a heat pump instead of getting another forced-air furnace. There are three basic types of heat pumps: ducted, ductless, and geothermal. Here's a look at how they differ when it comes to installation.
Ducted Heat Pumps Distribute Air Through Ducts
If your home already has ducts and they're in good shape and of a suitable size for a new heat pump, then you may want to get a ducted model. This makes the heating installation easier since the ducts are already present and the heat pump can be connected to the ducts to spread air evenly through your home.
This type of heating installation requires a condenser that stays outside and small air handlers that mount indoors. When you get a ducted system, the blowers are mounted behind a wall so they are out of sight.
Ductless Heat Pumps Use Wall Blowers
If you don't have ducts or if you just don't want to use them, a ductless system would be a good choice. These also have a condenser outdoors. The condenser connects to blowers inside your house that can be controlled independently.
This type of heating system is ideal for smaller homes, additions, and garage conversions. However, when you add multiple blowers, you can also heat and cool your entire house with a ductless system. The blowers that provide hot air mount on a wall and are visible, which might be a drawback to choosing a ductless heat pump over one that uses ducts.
Geothermal Heat Pumps Can Heat Air And Water
A geothermal heat pump is the most expensive option because the contractor has to excavate your yard to install it. Instead of drawing heat from the air, a geothermal heat pump draws it from the ground.
The system includes pipes that are buried under the ground, a condenser, and connections to a boiler or hot water heater that can power radiant floor heating. A geothermal heat pump can also produce heat to be distributed through ductwork.
There are many things to consider when you choose the right heat pump system for your home, so you may want to talk to a heating contractor about your options. The installation costs, cost of the equipment, size of your house, whether you use all the rooms in your house, and your local climate could all factor into your decision.
While heat pumps produce warmth during the winter, they can also produce cool air in the summer, so you won't have to install a separate air conditioner when you have a heat pump. Contact a company that offers heating installation services to learn more.